THE SCIENCE OF CBD GUIDE

cbd-element.png__PID:c3360a53-8b19-4a8f-967a-32f7366cf07c

WHAT IS CBD?

CBD is one of over 100 cannabinoids found in hemp. The discovery of cannabidiol revolutionized the cannabis landscape by allowing people to experience the power of the plant without the psychoactive effects of THC. The discovery pushed the needle toward national acceptance of cannabis. Today, researchers study CBD for its wide range of uses for the body and mind.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF CBD

CBD is widely known for its potential to reduce anxiety, alleviate pain and inflammation, improve sleep, and may help manage various neurological disorders. CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system, specifically with CB1 and CB2 receptors, influencing neurotransmitter release and exerting anti-inflammatory effects

cbd-guide-benefits-disease.png__PID:024e5765-17d8-4c9a-ac31-5b84d051abc5
cbd-guide-benefits-digestion.png__PID:576517d8-cc9a-4c31-9b84-d051abc5114d
cbd-guide-benefits-neurology.png__PID:17d8cc9a-ec31-4b84-9051-abc5114dc936
cbd-guide-benefits-pain-sleep.png__PID:87c2ac06-7013-4878-87ab-c3a57955eb4d

CANNABINOIDS

Cannabinoids are a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. They can interact with receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system to produce a variety of therapeutic effects. There are over 120 known cannabinoids and many more yet to be discovered.

CBD Effects

  • Antioxidant
  • Increases appetite
  • Pain relief
  • Cause drowsiness
  • Muscle relaxant
  • Reduces anxiety
  • Decreases seizure
  • Nausea relief
  • Spasms relief

CBN Effects

  • Analgesic
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Cause drowsiness
  • Anesthetic
  • Anti-convulsion
  • Pain relief
  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Spasms relief

CBG Effects

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Bone stimulant
  • Painkiller
  • Anti-erythemic
  • Digestive aid

THC Effects

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Muscle relaxant
  • Psychotropic
  • Anti-microbial
  • Nausea relief
  • Spasms relief
  • Increases appetite
  • Pain relief

CBC Effects

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Nausea Sedative
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Bone stimulant
  • Pain relief
  • Anti-fungal
  • Muscle relaxant
  • Sleep aid

THCV Effects

  • Aids memory
  • Anti-obesity
  • Decreases appetite
  • Antiviral
  • Bone stimulant
  • Decreases seizure
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Calming aid

HOW DOES CBD WORK?

CBD helps regulate the endocannabinoid system. The ECS is a signaling network in the body that regulates appetite, pain, memory, mood, stress, sleep, and immune function. It’s why cannabinoids act upon a wide range of physiological processes.

WHAT IS HEMP?

There's a lot to learn about the cannabinoid called cannabidiol (CBD): how the hemp plant produces it; how CBD is separated from the plant; and how CBD interacts with our bodies, for starters. It can be overwhelming. It’s no surprise; there’s a lot of science involved. So, let’s break it down into what’s effectively CBD for Beginners.

LEARN MORE ABOUT HEMP

cbd-human.png__PID:ba55d0cd-b7ba-4e67-ae24-391d8e7a865f

WHAT WILL CBD DO TO ME AND FOR ME?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis plants. It is known for its potential therapeutic effects and is often used for various purposes. However, it's essential to note that individual responses to CBD can vary.

LEARN MORE ABOUT CBD

THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT

Combining CBD, CBG, CBN and CBC

Full Spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds found in the cannabis plant, including trace amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the psychoactive compound in marijuana.

The combination of various cannabinoids and terpenes is believed to create an "entourage effect," where the different compounds work together synergistically, enhancing the overall therapeutic effects.

Full Spectrum CBD may be preferable for individuals who want to experience the full range of benefits provided by the cannabis plant, as long as they are comfortable with the presence of trace amounts of THC.

MORE ABOUT THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT

entourage-effect.png__PID:21f4643c-5675-4a54-a9d7-991ba4eff95f

TERPENES

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the distinctive scents and flavors associated with different strains of cannabis and other botanicals. In addition to their olfactory qualities, terpenes also have potential therapeutic effects, contributing to what's known as the entourage effect when combined with cannabinoids like CBD and THC.

Myrcene

relaxing
sedating

Linalool

anti-anxiety
anti-epileptic
anti-psychotic

Pinene

anti-depressant
anti-inflammatory
anti-microbial

Limonen

relaxing
sedating

Caryophyllene

anti-anxiety
anti-epileptic
anti-psychotic

Humulene

anti-bacterial
anti-inflammatory
anti-tumor effects

FLAVONOIDS

Flavonoids are a diverse group of phytonutrients found in plants, including fruits, vegetables, grains, herbs, and beverages like tea and wine. They are responsible for the vibrant colors of many fruits and flowers and play various roles in plant biology, such as providing protection from UV radiation, attracting pollinators, and serving as signaling molecules.

Cannflavin A

anti-aggressive
anti-inflammatory
neuroprotective

Quercetin

antioxidant
anti-obesity
cardiovascular

Kaempferol

antioxidant
antimicrobial
anti-tumor

Apigenin

anti-cancer
anti-inflammatory
cardiovascular

Luteolin

anti-cancer
immunomodulatory
neuroprotective

Cannflavin B

antioxidant
anti-cancer
pain killing

BIOAVAILABILITY

Each method of taking CBD has a different level of bioavailability, which is how much of a substance enters the bloodstream in a given amount of time. This can help you determine how much you need to take, and in what form, to ensure a proper dose actually ends up in your system.

topical.png__PID:67248f91-8c5a-4929-8132-e96425b156a7
oral.png__PID:8f918c5a-8929-4132-a964-25b156a764bf
sublingual.png__PID:8c5a8929-c132-4964-a5b1-56a764bfffa9
inhalation.png__PID:8929c132-e964-45b1-96a7-64bfffa954f7

CBD PRODUCT TYPES

There are three main cannabinoid spectrums: Full spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate. While the terms may sound complicated to the uninitiated, they are simple to differentiate once you’ve learned them.

Full Spectrum CBD

full.png__PID:60a70a5c-ca03-41f4-a43c-5675da5469d7

Full spectrum CBD products contain a small amount of THC (<0.03%), as well as terpenes and other cannabinoids.

Broad Spectrum CBD

broad.png__PID:0a5cca03-21f4-443c-9675-da5469d7991b

Broad spectrum CBD products do not contain any THC but include other plant compounds, terpenes, and cannabinoids.

CBD Isolate

cbd-wheel.png__PID:a70a5cca-0321-4464-bc56-75da5469d799

Isolate is strictly CBD or another singular cannabinoid like CBG and CBN. It is THC free and does not include any other cannabinoids or additional hemp compounds.

CBD - HOW MUCH TO TAKE

CBD isn’t psychoactive — meaning it won’t get you “high.” Instead, research suggests that it may help:

Reduce anxiety
and depression

Improve
sleep

Reduce seizures
in people with epilepsy

Soothe pain
and inflammation

Improve heart
health

Improve symptoms
of inflammatory bowel
disease (IBD)

CBD - How much to take

A 2017 review, Trusted Source, shows a great deal of research has found that it’s a relatively safe treatment. The studies analyzed in that review underscored that different people respond to different dosages of CBD. Most of the human studies use dosages anywhere between 20 and 1,500 milligrams (mg) per day.

The amount of CBD you should take depends on a range of factors, including:

Your body weight

The condition
you’re treating

Your individual
body chemistry

The concentration of
CBD in each dose

There are variables that go into deciding how much CBD to take. Before trying CBD, be sure to talk to your doctor about an appropriate dosage and any potential risks. If your doctor tells you how much to use, follow their recommendation. If your doctor doesn’t provide a recommendation, it’s best to start with a smaller dosage and gradually increase it.

As the cannabis industry grows, researchers will likely conduct more studies on cannabis, including marijuana and hemp, and its derivatives.